What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the infection caused by a virus called coronavirus. This new virus was unknown before the outbreak began in China, in December 2019.
Do adults with diabetes face a higher risk from COVID-19?
At the moment, we do not know if there are differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes as they relate to COVID-19.
Evidence suggests that if you have diabetes, compared to people without diabetes, you have:
- increased risk of infection in general, this will probably be the same for COVID-19;
- difficulty controlling diabetes when you have an infection; and
- higher risk of complications from the infection, especially if you are older or have diabetes-related complications or other medical problems.
Therefore, if you have diabetes, it is important to try to prevent COVID-19 infection from occurring. Good control of diabetes makes sense.
Should I worry about COVID-19?
For most people, COVID-19 infection is mild, especially for children and young adults, and most people recover completely without needing special treatment. However, COVID-19 can cause serious illness in some people including family or friends. It is therefore quite normal for you to worry about how the COVID-19 outbreak will affect us and our loved ones.
How does COVID-19 spread?
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. It is spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs, releasing droplets containing the virus into the air (these droplets can travel up to 6 feet) which land on surfaces (door handles, phones, food, anything). If you touch these surfaces and then touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, the infection enters their body. Your risk of COVID-19 increases if there are people near you who are sick. Some people with the virus may have no symptoms so it is important for all of us to wash our hands and stay over 6 feet away from others when possible.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19 in people with diabetes?