Depression is a serious condition. We know that diabetes can negatively impact quality of life and mental health. For example, mental problems associated with diabetes include anxiety, depression, and eating disturbances. There is also evidence that psychological distress negatively affects diabetes self-management. This may lead to persistent blood glucose levels above the normal range. In turn, this may increase the risk of developing complications of diabetes.
Depression is double the rate in people with diabetes
Now, researchers from the United Kingdom have reviewed the available evidence to see how common depression is among people living with diabetes. They also looked at if there are differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. They found that the prevalence of depression was significantly higher in people with type 1 (22%) diabetes compared to the background population without diabetes (11-13%). Similarly, in type 2 diabetes, the rate was also higher than in those without diabetes (19%). There were no differences comparing men and women. Depression was more common among people with diabetes having specialist care and in low- and middle-income countries compared to countries with high income economies.
Depression is a treatable condition for people with diabetes
Depression is common among people living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. This has important implications for their care and needs to be recognized at a much earlier stage. Psychological support needs to be part of diabetes management.