Type 2 diabetes (T2D) affects more than 34 million Americans. We know that good control of your blood sugar, blood pressure, and lipids (such as cholesterol levels) lowers your risk of diabetes-related illness and death. In recent years, there are more treatments and technologies to treat these risk factors.
Now researchers are studying whether the additional treatments and technologies reduced T2D risk factors.
Worse control of blood sugar and blood pressure
They found that after big improvements from 1999 to 2010, diabetes and blood pressure control have recently gotten worse in the United States. Control of lipids (such as cholesterol) has leveled off. This is concerning. For example, uncontrolled risk factors increase your risk of diabetes complications, heart problems, and death. In other words, we are seeing more diabetes complications in America.
Young people and Mexican Americans at highest risk
Researchers also found that younger adults, Mexican Americans, and people without health insurance were more likely to be untreated for diabetes. This is concerning because rates of diabetes complications are higher in racial/ ethnic minorities and in populations without health insurance. Also, T2D that develops in young adults is more aggressive than diabetes that starts later in life.
After more than ten years of progress, control over blood sugar and blood pressure have gotten worse among Americans with T2D.