Prediabetes is when blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. High HbA1c levels and high fasting glucose are two signs of prediabetes. Prediabetes raises your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Until now, doctors have been worried about the health risks for people with prediabetes. For many with prediabetes, healthy lifestyle changes and/or taking medication (such as Metformin) can lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is high among elderly people; but do older people have the same risk of developing diabetes as younger people? Researchers recently followed the health of 3,412 adults over age 70 for 6 years. In this time, only 9% who started with high HbA1c developed diabetes. Better yet, 13% improved to have a normal HbA1c level. Of those who started with high fasting glucose, only 8% got diabetes, and nearly half (44%) went back to normal blood sugar levels. This proves that prediabetes does not become diabetes as often as we previously thought. In fact, the signs of prediabetes disappear for many seniors. The low risk of prediabetes progressing to diabetes in older adults is good news, as older adults may not need to take drugs for prediabetes.
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