Heart disease is a common complication of diabetes. Diabetes and heart disease are often grouped together and called cardiometabolic disease. Recent evidence shows that cancer is now a more common cause of early death in people with diabetes than ever before. In fact, people with diabetes are more likely than people without diabetes to develop many types of cancers (including liver, pancreatic, colon, bladder, and breast cancer). Globally, about 1 in 20 (5.7%) of all cancers are linked to obesity and diabetes. As a result, we should think of cancer as a complication of diabetes. Recently, researchers in England showed that cancer (not heart disease) is now the leading cause of death in patients with diabetes. As diabetes rates continue to rise, preventing complications and improving cancer prevention are top priorities. More research is needed to design ways of preventing cancer. However, we already know that eating a healthy diet (including more fiber and less sugar-sweetened beverages and processed foods) reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes across all racial and ethnic groups. Following this diet may also prevent certain cancers. We also know your risk of cancer is highest 8 years after diabetes diagnosis. This suggests that interventions may be most important within the first few years after diabetes diagnosis.

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