The pandemic has shown that your job, income, ethnicity, race, citizenship status, and gender have a bigger impact than your biology on your risk for COVID-19 infection and complications. Groups already facing discrimination and historical injustices have been hit the hardest by COVID-19. Many people in these groups have poor working and living conditions, which increase health risk. Many governments around the world have used the pandemic as an excuse to weaken civil and human rights. For example, some governments have made anti-democratic policies, such as closing courts and passing repressive emergency laws. How do we build a more fair and just world after COVID? Governments and the international community must rebuild social protection by reducing poverty, giving marginalized people more power and resources, and improving living and working conditions for minority groups. These are some ways to protect vulnerable populations from future health challenges.