People of these ages are now authorized to get the vaccine against COVID-19:
- Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine: 16 years or older.
- Moderna vaccine: 18 years or older.
Children and young teens should not yet receive the COVID-19 vaccinations. Data show that these COVID-19 vaccines are safe in both people who have been infected with COVID-19 before, and also in people who have not had COVID-19 before. Also, it is not necessary to have a COVID-19 test to be vaccinated. People with an active COVID-19 infection should not be vaccinated until they have recovered from the illness. For example, they should wait for the symptoms to end. This applies to anyone who develops COVID-19 before being vaccinated as well as people who develop COVID-19 between the first and second dose of the vaccine. From current evidence, we know that it is uncommon to get reinfected with COVID-19 within 90 days of the original infection. Having allergies to foods, pets, and chemicals in the environment does not mean that you should avoid COVID-19 vaccines. The risk of serious allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccines are among the very small number of people who have had a serious reaction to other vaccines or injections of medicines in the past, or if they had a serious allergic reaction with the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine – these people should not have it. Experts believe that these COVID-19 vaccines are unlikely to harm pregnant women or their babies. However, the potential risks of this kind of vaccine (called mRNA vaccine) to pregnant women and the fetus are still unknown because these vaccines have not been studied in pregnant women. So pregnant women who are part of a group that is recommended to receive a COVID-19 vaccine (such as healthcare workers) may choose to be vaccinated. The CDC recommends that people with a history of an immediate allergic reaction to a vaccine or shot be watched carefully for 30 minutes after being vaccinated. This includes people with a history of severe allergic reactions from any cause. The general population without a history of vaccination or shot reactions should be observed for 15 minutes after vaccination.
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