Heart disease and stroke are linked to type 2 diabetes. Other important risk factors for heart disease and stroke include high blood pressure (hypertension), elevated levels of “bad” cholesterol known as LDL-Cholesterol, and high blood sugar level (HBA1c measures the level of blood sugar over the past 3 months). Ideally, the goal is to have HbA1c levels less than 7%, a blood pressure lower than 130/80, and LDL-Cholesterol levels below 100 (the units are mg/dl). A recent study looked at how common these levels were achieved among Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. Using data from adults age 18 to 74 years with diabetes in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, the researchers found that 43% had an HbA1c less than 7%, 49% had a blood pressure below 130/80, and 37% had an LDL-cholesterol less than 100 mg/dl. Only 8% had all three ideal levels for blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol. The results of this study show that for Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes, blood sugar, blood pressure, and LDL-Cholesterol are not well-controlled. Future research and public health efforts should focus on improving control among Hispanic/Latino adults.
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