More than 88 million Americans, or one in three adults, have prediabetes, according to the Center for Disease Control. Prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes. This study looks at how adding cinnamon into the diet can lower blood sugar level for people with prediabetes.
More about cinnamon, prediabetes and prevention
Type 2 diabetes is a major public health concern as more people around the world are diagnosed every day. Prediabetes is also a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes puts you at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. In fact, one in three American adults have prediabetes, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). It is important for people with both prediabetes and type 2 diabetes to find ways to control their blood sugar. By keeping blood sugar level in a healthy range, people can avoid serious health complications and manage diabetes. We know from previous research that changes in diet can have a significant impact on lowering blood sugar. Can spices also impact blood sugar in the same way?
Yes. Researchers found in a new study that cinnamon, a commonly used spice, improves blood sugar in people with prediabetes. It can slow the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. For 12 weeks, one group of participants took a cinnamon supplement that contained 500 mg of cinnamon three times a day, while another group of participants took a “fake” pill (also called a “placebo”). The group that took cinnamon supplements improved their blood sugar levels, for example, lower fasting glucose levels and better response to eating a meal with carbohydrates such as rice and pasta. “The difference between the groups of patients was significant,” said study author Dr. Giulio Romeo, a doctor at Boston’s Joslin Diabetes Center. “Blood glucose levels of people on cinnamon would not go as high as the participants on placebo after meals and also would return to baseline much faster.”
There were no negative side effects in the participants who took cinnamon. This was a small study, so researchers call for larger studies with more participants to understand if cinnamon can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes over time on a larger scale.