In the U.S., Hispanic/Latino populations are disproportionately impacted by type 2 diabetes. Previous research suggests that poor air quality may have an influence on progression of T2D in at-risk individuals. Now researchers at Sansum Diabetes Research Institute have partnered with the University of California Santa Barbara Bren School of Environmental Science and Management to compare HbA1c levels in Mexican-American adults with T2D and their exposure to air pollution. Pollution was measured by assessing the amount of a very small particle in the air called PM2.5. The team at SDRI matched recent HbA1c blood tests, in more than 100 adults, with air pollution information provided by the California Air Resource Board for the 14 days prior to having blood drawn for the HbA1c measurement. Although this is an early study, the results did show that people exposed to high levels of PM2.5 had higher HbA1c levels than those with lower exposure. So it looks like air pollution exposure may be another factor to consider when discussing blood glucose control in Hispanic/Latino adults with T2D.
Photo credit Mil Familias ©️ 2020.