Many people with diabetes will also experience high blood pressure. Income level plays a big role in being able to control blood pressure.
More about blood pressure control and income
We know that household income is strongly linked to type 2 diabetes, and obesity. For example, poor individuals are more at risk for developing diabetes than rich individuals. This study shows that income is also a big factor in blood pressure control. Blood pressure that is too high can cause many serious problems. This includes blood vessel damage, heart attack, eye disease, and kidney disease. Most people with diabetes will eventually experience high blood pressure. Latinos are especially at risk. Many of the things you can do for your diabetes will also help with lowering blood pressure. For example, you can eat healthy, stop smoking, exercise regularly, keep your weight in a healthy range, limit salt and alcohol, and visit your doctor regularly.
In the United States, income level makes a difference in one’s ability to get blood pressure under control. According to the Journal of the American Heart Association’s 6-year study, researchers found that immigrants living in the United States originally from poorer countries were half as likely to control their blood pressure compared to those from richer countries. In fact, compared to patients from richer countries, those from the poorer countries were 52% less likely to reach a healthy blood pressure (of 140/90 mm Hg), 26% more likely to die from heart failure, and 86% more likely to develop kidney disease. They also found that participants in the lowest income group were more likely women, black, and Latino.
Why does this happen? Researchers of this study think that people who live in a poor neighborhood or country might experience less feelings of safety (because of high crime), have less access to healthy food, may not have time to exercise, and may not be consistent with taking their medications. All of this contributes to lower chance of getting their blood pressure in a healthy range.
Photo credit Hush Naidoo at Unsplash.