Parents play an important role in supporting their children with diabetes. This study shows that a mother’s education is a big factor in the management of this disease in their children.

More about mother’s education level and children’s A1C

Family background makes a big difference in overall health, specifically for children with diabetes. In fact, research shows that children’s blood sugar control is directly linked to how much education their mother had received. For example, as a mother’s education level goes up, their child’s A1c level goes down.

In general, the American Diabetes Association recommends that kids with type 1 diabetes keep their A1c (which measures their average blood sugar over the past 3 months) under 7.5%. In this study, the A1c level for children with mothers with graduate degrees was 7.6%. The A1c went up to 7.9% in children of mothers with college degrees, to 8.2% in children with mothers that graduated from vocational school, and to 8.4% in children of mothers with a high school degree. This shows the strong link between a mother’s education level and their child’s ability to control their blood sugar. In addition, this study found that children of well-educated mothers had lower rates of a dangerous condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (which is a build up of acids in the blood).

Why is this? Researchers think it could be because moms with higher education might be better able to manage diabetes and use their knowledge to help their kids control it. For doctors, this research is important so that they can provide extra support for the least privileged children. In addition, it could be very helpful to form patient groups where families could help support each other and share valuable information about diabetes care at home.

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Photo credit Juan Ramos at Unsplash.