The increase in deaths related to heart failure can be linked to the rise in diabetes and obesity.
More about heart failure deaths
Early deaths from heart-related problems are becoming much more common across the nation, especially for young Americans aged 35-64. In fact, about 5.7 million adults in the United States have heart failure. Heart failure is a condition where the heart can’t pump enough blood for the body, resulting in tiredness, weakness, breathlessness, and swelling of the legs and abdomen. One of the most common causes of heart failure is high blood pressure. Research has found that heart failure is more common in people who are obese or overweight because this extra weight puts a big strain on the heart. How does this apply to people with diabetes? Well, there is a strong link between diabetes and heart disease. For example, people with diabetes have a much higher than average risk of having a heart attack or stroke than people without diabetes. Also, people with diabetes often have high blood pressure, which is a big risk factor in developing heart failure.
This study found that more young adults are developing heart failure. The reason for this increase is related to the obesity and diabetes epidemics. In addition, death caused by heart failure is increasing faster among compared to white adults. In general, Latinos do not experience heart failure as often as non-Latinos; however, it is important to note that heart disease is one of the leading causes of death for Latino populations.
Interestingly, the rates for heart failure death dropped from 1999 through 2012, but then greatly increased in more recent years from 2012 through 2017. This recent increase in heart failure deaths links up with the increase in diabetes as well. Younger and younger people are experiencing high blood pressure, which is a big risk factor for both diabetes and heart failure later on. The doctors behind this study encourage people with high blood pressure to schedule a checkup and ask their doctors about options to lower it. These researchers called the results “a call to arms” because there is a lot of work still to be done in public health education to decrease early deaths related to heart failure.
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