There are many factors that increase risk for type 2 diabetes. For example, a large waist size increases your diabetes risk. Especially for Mexican Americans, if you have a big waist, then you have a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
More about waist size and diabetes risk factors
Waist size is larger today than in years past. This study looks at how the increase in waist circumference impacts risk for pre-diabetes and diabetes across difference racial/ethnic groups. The rate of diabetes rose over time among people with class II/III obesity. This rise could be due to the increasing waist size.
This study addresses a “diabetes disparity” among Mexican Americans and African Americans relative to the white American population. In fact, diabetes is more common in both Mexican American and African American populations than in white Americans. In Mexican Americans, a larger waist size can lead to higher frequency of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Other factors such as older age, higher BMI, larger waist circumference, and lower physical activity all impact diabetes status.
People with larger waist size and who live in a neighborhood with a high socioeconomic status have higher incidence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. However, in general, higher socioeconomic status in one’s neighborhood is associated with lower frequency of diabetes. A neighborhood with lower socioeconomic position has an increased risk of diabetes and its complications.