There are many factors that increase risk for type 2 diabetes. For example, a large waist size increases your risk. Especially for Mexican Americans, if you have a big waist, then you have a higher chance of getting type 2 diabetes.
More about waist size and diabetes risk factors
Waist circumference has become larger in more recent years. This study looks at how the increase in waist circumference impacts risk for pre-diabetes and diabetes in the United States across difference racial/ethnic groups. The rate of diabetes rose over time among people with class II/III obesity and could be due to increasing waist circumference size.
This study addresses a “diabetes disparity” among Mexican American and African American populations (where diabetes is more common) relative to the white American population. In Mexican Americans, larger waist circumference was associated with higher frequency of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes status was linked to older age, higher BMI, larger waist circumference, and lower physical activity.
People with larger waist circumference and who live in a neighborhood with a high socioeconomic status have higher incidence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. However, in general, higher socioeconomic status in one’s neighborhood is associated with lower frequency of diabetes. A neighborhood with lower socioeconomic position has been associated with increased risk of diabetes and its complications.