Diabetes during pregnancy, also called gestational diabetes, is on the rise. Latino and Asian women get diabetes during pregnancy more than white women. Also, older women are more at risk for gestational diabetes. In Latino women, the number of people with diabetes during pregnancy is increasing very fast.
More about gestational diabetes
From 2000 to 2010, the rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increased by 56%. Gestational diabetes is more common in Asian and Latino women compared to white women. The rate of gestational diabetes is lowest among non-Latino white and black women.
Important risk factors for developing gestational diabetes include family history of diabetes, chronic hypertension, age older than 25 years, non-white race, gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy, high body mass index (BMI), large waist circumference, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Older age of the mother is especially a risk factor for both Latino and non-Latino women.
Women and their infants with gestational diabetes are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. The highest increase in gestational diabetes was among Latinos and may be related to increases in obesity. Also, the greatest increase of gestational diabetes occurred in the western states in the U.S., the region with the highest proportion of Latinos and Asians in 2010.
The highest rate of gestational diabetes throughout the study was among the Asian population. Asians have a higher risk for gestational diabetes than non-Asian whites. The study shows that gestational diabetes delivery rates increased across all demographic groups (including by age and by race/ethnicity).