Anyone can get maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), but it’s most common in the white population. A gene mutation causes MODY. Doctors often think it is another type of diabetes and treat it in the wrong way as a result.
More about mature-onset diabetes
Mature-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) exists in all ethnicities, but is most common and most reported in the Non-Latino white population. Maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 2 (MODY2) occurs in 1 of 1,000 individuals. Mutations in the GCK gene cause it. It is often misdiagnosed as other forms of diabetes and inappropriately treated. This can lead to unnecessary healthcare costs as well as adverse health reactions.
The participants in this study received genetic testing to determine if they did in fact have maturity-onset diabetes of the young. Finding a GCK gene mutation in a patient can help determine if any family members are also at risk. Specific genetic testing can lead to a high rate of detection in family members of an individual with maturity-onset diabetes of the young. Non-Latino whites were the biggest group of people that had MODY in this study.
This study also found that there was an underrepresentation of ethnic minorities when compared to the greater U.S. population. MODY may be going under-recognized in minority populations (such as Latino, African American, and Asian). In fact, these are the same populations that have a high incidence of type 2 diabetes. This could contribute to inequity in genetic medicine and diabetes care.
Photo provided by Mil Familias © 2018.