Younger age, lower body mass index (BMI), and fewer years lived in the U.S. all decrease risk for diabetes among Latinos.
More about diabetes risk factors for Latinos
Diabetes increases with age, body mass index, and years lived in the United States. However, diabetes decreases with higher education and income level. The likelihood of diabetes goes up with older age. For example, diabetes prevalence was 2.6% for Latino participants aged 18-29 years and rose to 48.4% in those aged 70-74 years. In addition to age, another factor that increases risk for diabetes is body mass index (BMI). In Latinos with a body mass index less than 25 kg/m2, the rate of diabetes is 9.8%. For those with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or higher, diabetes prevalence increased to 22.3%.
Another factor is length of residence in the United States. The more years a Latino immigrant has lived in the United States, the higher likelihood of diabetes. For Latinos living in the U.S. for 5 years or less, diabetes prevalence is 12.29%. It increases to 16.79% for Latinos living in the U.S. for 11-15 years. For Latinos living in the U.S. 16 years or more, diabetes prevalence is 18.75%. Only 11.8% of those with diabetes are born in the United States. This means that migrant health tends to become worse with more years living in the U.S.
Photo provided by Mil Familias © 2018.