Gestational diabetes is a common problem during pregnancy. It can lead to serious problems for both the mother and baby. Diabetes during pregnancy and gestational diabetes deliveries is increasing in all US states. Having diabetes during pregnancy increases your risk for getting type 2 diabetes later. Latinos and Asians tend to get diabetes during pregnancy more often than white women.
More About Gestational Diabetes
Diabetes is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. It has been associated with negative mother and infant outcomes and complications. The rate of gestational diabetes differs by state because of the differences in obesity level of the population, age, health insurance status, race/ethnicity, and hospital status. The rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increased in all U.S. states and across all races over a ten-year period from 2000 to 2010.
Big risk factors for developing gestational diabetes include chronic hypertension, family history of diabetes, age older than 25 years, non-white race, gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy, high body mass index (BMI), large waist circumference, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Older age of the mother is especially a risk factor for both Latino and non-Latino women. Women and their infants with gestational diabetes are at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. This study shows that gestational diabetes delivery rates increased across all demographic groups (by age and by race/ethnicity).
The highest rate of increase happened in the Latino and Asian populations as well as those with pre-pregnancy hypertension. In 12 U.S. states, the highest increase of gestational diabetes deliveries occurred among Latino women (66% increase). Also, the biggest increase in gestational diabetes deliveries occurred among women aged 15-24 years. In terms of geographic location, gestational during pregnancy increased at a faster rate in the western region of the United States. In California, diabetes during pregnancy was more common in Latino and Asian women than non-Latino white women.